One bout shall last two minutes (both 1st and 2nd round). From the quarter-finals last three minutes, and one extension two minutes.
Victory is awarded to the contestant:
- who has scored one full point.
- who has scored two half points, which make one full point.
- who won by decision.
- whose opponent was disqualified or failed to take part in the bout without good reason.
B. Full-Point (Ippon) Victory
Excluding the techniques listed as fouls, a thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow strike (hiji-uchi), etc. which vigorously downs the opponent for more than three seconds or results in the opponentâs loss of his will to fight scores one full-point.
C. Half-Point (Waza-ari) awarding
Excluding the techniques listed as fouls, a thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow strike (hiji-uchi), etc. which downs the opponent or results in the opponentâs loss of his will to fight for less than three seconds after which he stands up and resumes the fight scores one half-point. Similarly, when one opponent loses his balance but does not fall down as a result of the other contestantâs thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow strike (hiji uchi), etc. one half-point is declared.
When an opponent is downed with any technique, including foot sweeps (ashi-kake), and a well focused, but non-contact, downward punch (gedan tsuki) follows immediately as part of a combination one half-point might be awarded on the basis of the timing and other criteria.
Two declarations of half-point constitute a full-point victory.
D. Victory by Decision (Hantei)
When no clean one-point victory has been made, the victory is awarded by decision.
The decision is valid when it is based on the judgement of at least three referees out of the one main referee and four assistant referees team.
When a decision cannot be reached on the basis of the judgment of the one main referee and four assistant referees team, a draw is declared and extensions are granted.
One bout will have up to two extensions in the 1st and 2nd rounds. After the second extension, a decision must be made.
From the quarter-finals, if a decision cannot be reached after two extensions, the number of boards broken at breaking test (tameshiwari) becomes a criterion in awarding victory.
If the number of broken boards are equal, there will be a final extension.
Articles 10, 11, and 12 constitute the basic principles but the tournament Supreme Judge, the Head Judge and the Review Panel may make modifications when they consider them necessary.
F. Fouls (Hansoku)
The following actions are considered fouls:
a) Touching the opponentâs face and neck even slightly with a hand or elbow attack. However, making
feints to the face is allowed.
b) Groin kicks (Kin-teki)
c) Head thrusts (zu-tsuki)
d) Attacking an opponent who is already down
e) Grabbing the opponentâs neck
g) Grabbing and holding the opponent's uniform (dogi), arms and legs
h) Pushing with open hands
i) Such repeated actions as falling down and stepping out right after kicking or punching oneâs opponent
j) Stepping outside the area frequently
k) Any other actions that the referees may regard as foul
Excluding deliberate actions, fouls result in one warning
The following situation result in one penalty:
a) Two warnings
b) Deliberate foul
c) Other actions that main referee may consider as a bad attitude towards the contest
Two penalties constitute disqualification
H. Disqualification (Shikkaku)
The following situations result in disqualification:
a) Two penalties
b) Failing to obey the refereeâs instructions during a bout.
c) Actions considered as sheer violence, deliberate serious fouls and deliberate bad attitude towards the contest.
d) Facing each other for more than one minute without engaging in fight. This shall be regarded as lacking
the will to fight and both contestants shall be disqualified.
e) Being late for bout or failing to appear.
I. Failing to take part in the bout (Shai Hoki)
Anyone who fails to take part in the bout as scheduled without good reason shall be fined no more than 150,000 Japanese Yen. The following circumstances are exceptions:
a) Lack of the ability to continue the tournament decided by the tournament main physician after a
b) Unforeseen misfortune to anyone closely related to the contestants (such as family members, etc.) which happens immediately before or during the bout. Permission to leave the contest area will be given after consultation with Head Judge, Chairman of the Review panel and the tournament lawyer.
The person in charge shall call the contestants out. The contestants shall enter the fighting area from opposite sides.
The main judge shall stand in the middle, 3 meters from the center line.
The bout starts after the main judge has given the command: âHajimeâ.
One bout shall last in the first and second round, two minutes
If the uniforms of both or either of the contestants come undone during the bout, the judge will halt the action, have the men assume their original positions and allow them to sit with the backs to each other. The contestants shall then rearrange their uniform
During the bout if there is a full point victory, half point technique or foul made, or if a contestant steps outside the fighting area, etc., the assistant judge shall whistle and, at the same time, raise the flag. The main judge shall give the command âYameâ (stop), and make the contestants return to their positions which they had when the bout started.
The flag signals are as follows:
Full point victory - The judge raises the flag with the same colour as the winner, diagonally upwards.
Half point - The judge raises the flag with the same colour as the contestant who took the half point horizontally to the side.
Foul - The judge waves from side to side, with the flag with the same colour as the competitor who got the foul, diagonally downwards.
Step outside the fighting area - The judge lowers either flag diagonally touching the floor.
Draw, indecision - The judge crosses both flags in front of himself, lowering them so they point diagonally downwards.
No count or no score - The judge crosses both flags in front of himself and waves.
Unclear action - The judge crosses both flags at eye level.
In case of a full point victory, half point, or foul, the main judge shall request the assistant judgesâ decision and announce the final decision which must have three or more of the judgeâs approval.
Regarding the foul, there are situations when the main judgeâs decision only might be accepted as valid.
When one of the opponents has been downed for more than three seconds or when one has given up, the Main Judge shall make a decision, return the contestants to the middle of the ring, and then have them assume their original positions.
The Main Judge shall check the decisions of the assistant judges and shall decide victory on the basis of the flags of more than two of those assistant judges.