bout shall last two minutes (both 1st and 2nd round). From the
quarter-finals last three minutes, and one extension two minutes.
Victory is awarded to the contestant:
- who has scored one full point.
- who has scored two half points, which make one full point.
- who won by decision.
- whose opponent was disqualified or failed to take part in the bout without good reason.
B. Full-Point (Ippon) Victory
the techniques listed as fouls, a thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow
strike (hiji-uchi), etc. which vigorously downs the opponent for more
than three seconds or results in the opponentâs loss of his will to
fight scores one full-point.
C. Half-Point (Waza-ari) awarding
the techniques listed as fouls, a thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow
strike (hiji-uchi), etc. which downs the opponent or results in the
opponentâs loss of his will to fight for less than three seconds after
which he stands up and resumes the fight scores one half-point.
Similarly, when one opponent loses his balance but does not fall down
as a result of the other contestantâs thrust (tsuki), kick (keri),
elbow strike (hiji uchi), etc. one half-point is declared.
an opponent is downed with any technique, including foot sweeps
(ashi-kake), and a well focused, but non-contact, downward punch (gedan
tsuki) follows immediately as part of a combination one half-point
might be awarded on the basis of the timing and other criteria.
Two declarations of half-point constitute a full-point victory.
D. Victory by Decision (Hantei)
When no clean one-point victory has been made, the victory is awarded by decision.
decision is valid when it is based on the judgement of at least three
referees out of the one main referee and four assistant referees team.
E. Extensions (Enchosen)
a decision cannot be reached on the basis of the judgment of the one
main referee and four assistant referees team, a draw is declared and
extensions are granted.
One bout will have up to two extensions in the 1st and 2nd rounds. After the second extension, a decision must be made.
the quarter-finals, if a decision cannot be reached after two
extensions, the number of boards broken at breaking test (tameshiwari)
becomes a criterion in awarding victory.
If the number of broken boards are equal, there will be a final extension.
10, 11, and 12 constitute the basic principles but the tournament
Supreme Judge, the Head Judge and the Review Panel may make
modifications when they consider them necessary.
F. Fouls (Hansoku)
The following actions are considered fouls:
a) Touching the opponentâs face and neck even slightly with a hand or elbow attack. However, making
feints to the face is allowed.
b) Groin kicks (Kin-teki)
c) Head thrusts (zu-tsuki)
d) Attacking an opponent who is already down
e) Grabbing the opponentâs neck
g) Grabbing and holding the opponent's uniform (dogi), arms and legs
h) Pushing with open hands
i) Such repeated actions as falling down and stepping out right after kicking or punching oneâs opponent
j) Stepping outside the area frequently
k) Any other actions that the referees may regard as foul
Excluding deliberate actions, fouls result in one warning
G. Penalties (Genten)
The following situation result in one penalty:
a) Two warnings
b) Deliberate foul
c) Other actions that main referee may consider as a bad attitude towards the contest
Two penalties constitute disqualification
H. Disqualification (Shikkaku)
The following situations result in disqualification:
a) Two penalties
b) Failing to obey the refereeâs instructions during a bout.
c) Actions considered as sheer violence, deliberate serious fouls and deliberate bad attitude towards the contest.
d) Facing each other for more than one minute without engaging in fight. This shall be regarded as lacking
the will to fight and both contestants shall be disqualified.
e) Being late for bout or failing to appear.
I. Failing to take part in the bout (Shai Hoki)
who fails to take part in the bout as scheduled without good reason
shall be fined no more than 150,000 Japanese Yen. The following
circumstances are exceptions:
a) Lack of the ability to continue the tournament decided by the tournament main physician after a
Unforeseen misfortune to anyone closely related to the contestants
(such as family members, etc.) which happens immediately before or
during the bout. Permission to leave the contest area will be given
after consultation with Head Judge, Chairman of the Review panel and
the tournament lawyer.
IKO Standard Actions of the Judges
Opening the bout
The person in charge shall call the contestants out. The contestants shall enter the fighting area from opposite sides.
The main judge shall stand in the middle, 3 meters from the center line.
The bout starts after the main judge has given the command: âHajimeâ.
One bout shall last in the first and second round, two minutes
the uniforms of both or either of the contestants come undone during
the bout, the judge will halt the action, have the men assume their
original positions and allow them to sit with the backs to each other.
The contestants shall then rearrange their uniform
the bout if there is a full point victory, half point technique or foul
made, or if a contestant steps outside the fighting area, etc., the
assistant judge shall whistle and, at the same time, raise the flag.
The main judge shall give the command âYameâ (stop), and make the
contestants return to their positions which they had when the bout
The flag signals are as follows:
Full point victory - The judge raises the flag with the same colour as the winner, diagonally upwards.
Half point - The judge raises the flag with the same colour as the contestant who took the half point horizontally to the side.
- The judge waves from side to side, with the flag with the same colour
as the competitor who got the foul, diagonally downwards.
Step outside the fighting area - The judge lowers either flag diagonally touching the floor.
Draw, indecision - The judge crosses both flags in front of himself, lowering them so they point diagonally downwards.
No count or no score - The judge crosses both flags in front of himself and waves.
Unclear action - The judge crosses both flags at eye level.
case of a full point victory, half point, or foul, the main judge shall
request the assistant judgesâ decision and announce the final decision
which must have three or more of the judgeâs approval.
Regarding the foul, there are situations when the main judgeâs decision only might be accepted as valid.
one of the opponents has been downed for more than three seconds or
when one has given up, the Main Judge shall make a decision, return the
contestants to the middle of the ring, and then have them assume their
The Main Judge
shall check the decisions of the assistant judges and shall decide
victory on the basis of the flags of more than two of those assistant
At the signal to stop, the main judge shall call âyameâ (halt) and shall return the contestants to their original positions.
main judge shall make the competitors face âShomenâ (the front), and
request the assistant judgesâ decision. Each assistant judge shall
raise his flag with the same colour as the person he considers to have
won, diagonally upwards. In case of a draw, he shall cross the flags in
front of himself. The valid decision will be the one which has three or
more of the judgesâ (including the main referee) approval. In case
there are not 3 or more judges with the same decision, there shall be
In case of a draw, there shall be an extension of the bout of 2 minutes.
if, after two extensions, it is not possible to make a decision, the
decision shall be made after considering the weight difference between
the competitors. The lighter one shall be in advantage. The Head
Judgeâs permission is necessary in this case.
the case of a tie between men of equal weights, victory shall be
awarded to the person who broke more boards in the tameshiwari.
the numbers of boards broken by the two contestants are equal, victory
shall be awarded on the basis of the decision of the Supreme Judge. In
this case, another extension may be granted.
In the case of a foul, the main judge shall separate the contestants and halt the action.
the assistant judges are closer to the contestants, one of them may
call a halt to the action and request the decision of the main judge.
If more than two of the assistant judges agree in a decision, the main
judge shall recognize it.
deciding about fouls, it is necessary with 3 or more of the judgesâ
approval. However, there are situations when the main judgeâs decision
only might be accepted.
the case of a foul, if it is not made on purpose, the contestant may
get one warning. Two warnings result in a first penalty (Genten-ichi).
In case of deliberate fouls, deliberate bad attitude during the bout, a penalty shall be given.
A contestant who has gained penalty/two minus points in succession shall be disqualified.
the attitude and the actions of a contestant are considered
disrespectful to the judges, the contestant shall be disqualified.
Especially when the contestant make deliberate serious fouls has a
deliberate bad attitude during the bout, he will be disqualified.
both contestants are facing each other for more than one minute without
engaging in fight, it shall be regarded as lacking the will to fight
and both contestants shall be disqualified.
Being late for bout or failing to appear will result in disqualification.
In case of a
full-point victory, or disqualification, the main judge shall
immediately stop the bout, face the contestants towards âShomenâ,
announce the outcome of the bout, have the contestants bow towards
âshomenâ, âshushinâ and each other, thereafter, he shall have the
contestants leave the ring.
In case of no
full point victory nor disqualification. At the same time as the signal
for end of bout is made, the main judge shall stop the bout face the
contestants towards âshomenâ, request the assistant judgesâ decision,
and after deciding the winner he shall follow the same procedure as
Tameshiwari requires more than three judges.
The main judge shall call out the contestants who shall bow to the front
Although he may not touch the boards, the contestant may place a towel or cloth on top of them.
main judge gives the signal for the breaking. If the contestant does
not manage to break the boards at on time it shall count as failure.
As a rule, the
tameshiwari must be performed only once without a repeat. However, the
Head Judge and the assistant judges may agree to grant permission for a
orders the successful contestant to sit down, then he announces the
number of contestant, the number of boards successfully broken, or
failure if such is the case.
The contestants who fail shall try one more time to break the boards.
At the conclusion of the judgeâs announcement, the contestants must stand, bow and leave the ring.